Table of Contents

Fire Ecology
Volume 12, Issue 1 - 2016
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201

About the Cover

Classic Article

The Passing of the Lolo Trail, with an Introduction by Andrew J. Larson

Author: Elers Koch
Pages: 1-12
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201001

In 1935, Elers Koch argued in a Journal of Forestry article that a minimum fire protection model should be implemented in the backcountry areas of national forests in Idaho, USA.  As a USDA Forest Service Supervisor and Assistant Regional Forester, Koch had led many major fire-fighting campaigns in the region, beginning with the great 1910 fires of Idaho and Montana.  He argued in his classic article for wilderness values, and against throwing millions of dollars into unsuccessful attempts to suppress backcountry fires.

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Research Articles

Does Prescribed Fire Promote Resistance to Drought in Low Elevation Forests of the Sierra Nevada, California, USA?

Authors: Phillip J. van Mantgem, Anthony C. Caprio, Nathan L. Stephenson, and Adrian J. Das
Pages: 13-25
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201013

Prescribed fire is a primary tool used to restore western forests following more than a century of fire exclusion, reducing fire hazard by removing dead and live fuels (small trees and shrubs).  It is commonly assumed that the reduced forest density following prescribed fire also reduces competition for resources among the remaining trees, so that the remaining trees are more resistant (more likely to survive) in the face of additional stressors, such as drought.

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Mechanisms Enabling a Fire Sensitive Plant to Survive Frequent Fires in South-West Australian Eucalypt Forests

Authors: Neil Burrows and Ted Middleton
Pages: 26-40
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201026

A fire sensitive plant, Banksia quercifolia R.Br., that often occurs as thickets embedded in forest landscapes in south-west Australia was exposed to repeated broad-scale fires at short intervals.  Fire severity and patchiness was mapped using satellite imagery and the response of the B. quercifolia population monitored.  Over the study period, the mean interval of fire in the landscape in which B. quercifolia occurred was 1.7 yr-almost half the juvenile period of the species-and the landscape fire frequency was six fires per decade.

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A New Method Comparing Snowmelt Timing with Annual Area Burned

Authors: Donal S. O'Leary III, Trevor D. Bloom, Jacob C. Smith, Christopher R. Zemp, and Michael J. Medler
Pages: 41-51
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201041

The interactions between climate and wildland fire are complex.  To better understand these interactions, we used ArcMap 10.2.2 to examine the relationships between early spring snowmelt and total annual area burned within a defined region of the Rocky Mountains of the western United States.  Our research methods used Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) fire perimeter data and weekly snow extent provided by the Rutgers Global Snow Lab analysis of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) daily snow maps.

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Patterns and Trends in Burned Area and Fire Severity from 1984 to 2010 in the Sierra De San Pedro Mártir, Baja California, Mexico

Authors: Hiram Rivera-Huerta, Hugh D. Safford, and Jay D. Miller
Pages: 52-72
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201052

Yellow pine (Pinus spp. L.) and mixed conifer (YPMC) forests of California, USA (Alta California), have been negatively affected since Euro-American settlement by a century or more of logging, fire exclusion, and other human activities.  The YPMC forests in northwestern Mexico (northern Baja California) are found in the same climate zone as those of Alta California and support mostly the same dominant species, yet they are much less degraded, having suffered little logging and only 30 years of fire suppression.

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Fuel Moisture Differences in a Mixed Native and Non-Native Grassland: Implications for Fire Regimes

Authors: Amy C. Livingston and J. Morgan Varner
Pages: 73-87
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201073

Non-native plants have far-reaching effects on many terrestrial ecosystems.  There are several examples of non-native species altering fire regimes, either by increasing or decreasing the potential intensity and severity of fires.  To investigate this phenomenon, we sampled fuel moisture content of four native grass species (Festuca californica Vasey, Danthonia californica Bol., Elymus glaucus Buckley, and Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.) and four non-native grass species (Phalaris aquatica L., Cynosurus echinatus L., Arrhenatherum elatius [L.] J. Presl & C. Presl, and Anthoxanthum odoratum L.) in northern California grasslands across the 2012 growing season.

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Ignition Patterns Influence Fire Severity and Plant Communities in Pacific Northwest, USA, Prairies

Authors: R. Adam Martin and Sarah T. Hamman
Pages: 88-102
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201088

In the prairies of the Pacific Northwest, USA, fire has been reintroduced as a tool for reducing non-native, invasive plant cover and promoting the growth and establishment of native plant communities.  Head fires and backing fires are the two primary ignition patterns used to complete most prescribed burns, but the relative effectiveness of these two methods on invasive plant control and native enhancement is unknown.

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Forum: Issues, Management, Policy, and Opinions

The Interagency Fuels Treatment Decision Support System: Functionality for Fuels Treatment Planning

Authors: Stacy A. Drury, H. Michael Rauscher, Erin M. Banwell, ShihMing Huang, and Tami L. Lavezzo
Pages: 103-123
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201103

The Interagency Fuels Treatment Decision Support System (IFTDSS) is a web-based software and data integration framework that organizes fire and fuels software applications into a single online application.  IFTDSS is designed to make fuels treatment planning and analysis more efficient and effective.  In IFTDSS, users can simulate fire behavior and fire effects using the scientific algorithms and processes found in desktop applications including FlamMap, Behave, FOFEM, and Consume.

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Book Review

Firestick Ecology: Fairdinkum Science in Plain English

Author: Lachlan McCaw
Pages: 124-125
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1201124

The ecology and management of fire in the Australian landscape elicits strong opinions from many groups including farmers, land managers, academics, and organisations concerned with the conservation of nature.  Public discourse on fire management is always spirited and sometimes acrimonious, particularly in the wake of major bushfires that result in loss of life or property and have significant impacts on infrastructure and natural resources.  This debate plays out in print and electronic media, in community forums, and in the pages of scientific and professional journals.

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