Table of Contents

Fire Ecology
Volume 11, Issue 3 - 2015
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103

About the Cover

Classic Article

Present Studies and History of Burning in Greece, with an Introduction by Vasilios P. Papanastasis

Author: Leonidas G. Liacos
Pages: 1-13
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103001

Greece, to those who know it only from archeological books and its ancient architecture, is associated with rocks, and bare mountains of white fine-granular marble, decorated by fine-sculptured temples, all built of white marble.

Probably, the small size pine-tree grove, ideally matched with scattered columnar cypress and olive trees, which commonly constitute the frame that beautifies the ancient Greek landscape, do not prevent [readers] from wondering whether Greeks, being in an arid country, had no choice in selecting their building material.

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Research Articles

Lichen Community Response to Prescribed Burning and Thinning in Southern Pine Forests of the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain, USA

Authors: David G. Ray, Jason W. Barton, and James C. Lendemer
Pages: 14-33
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103014

The effects of prescribed burning and thinning on lichen communities is a poorly understood aspect of biodiversity conservation, despite the widespread use of these practices to achieve conservation-oriented land management goals.  To address this knowledge gap we documented apparent changes in the diversity and abundance of lichens following 0 to 2 growing-season burns preceded by 0 to 1 commercial thinnings within nine southern pine dominated stands on the Delmarva Peninsula of Maryland, USA.

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Simulating Grassland Prescribed Fires Using Experimental Approaches

Authors: Katherine C. Kral, Ryan F. Limb, Torre J. Hovick, Devan Allen McGranahan, Aaron L. Field, and Peter L. O'Brien
Pages: 34-44
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103034

Small-scale fire approaches, like burn boxes, burn tables, and propane burners, are often used to facilitate experimental control over fire and allow greater replication.  We compared characteristics of grassland prescribed fires to three experimental approaches to determine if these approaches simulate prescribed fires.  We conducted prescribed fires during the growing and dormant season to compare with burn box, burn table, and propane prong approaches

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Soil Carbon and Nutrient Recovery after High-Severity Wildfire in Mexico

Authors: Shatya D. Quintero-Gradilla, Felipe García-Oliva, Ramón Cuevas-Guzmán, Enrique J. Jardel-Peláez, and Angelina Martínez-Yrizar
Pages: 45-61
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103045

Fire severity can increase above historical levels due to factors such as human-derived fire suppression and climate change.  Studies about the effects of high-severity fires on soil carbon and nutrients in pine forest at tropical latitudes are still rare.  We analyzed the changes in carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) contents in the organic layer and the top mineral soil layer in a post-fire chronosequence of Pinus douglasiana Martínez-dominated forest stands in central-western Mexico 8 yr, 28 yr, and 60 yr following a high-severity fire.

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Variability in Fire Prescriptions to Promote Wildlife Foods in the Longleaf Pine Ecosystem

Authors: Marcus A. Lashley, M. Colter Chitwood, Craig A. Harper, Christopher S. DePerno, and Christopher E. Moorman
Pages: 62-79
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103062

Prescribed fire is commonly used to restore and maintain the longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) ecosystem (LLPE).  A key function of the LLPE is the provisioning of food for wildlife.  Despite the plethora of literature evaluating the effects of fire season and fire-return interval on plant community dynamics, little attention has been given to the response of wildlife foods to fire season or fire-return interval.  We measured the availability of key wildlife foods (fleshy fruit [i.e., seed containing a nutritious pericarp] and understory plant biomass) in upland pine forest following dormant-season (December–February) and growing-season (April–June) fires in a chronosequential design.

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Approximation of Fire-Return Intervals with Point Samples in the Southern Range of the Coast Redwood Forest, California, USA

Authors: Gregory A. Jones and Will Russell
Pages: 80-94
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103080

A legacy of past fires is evident in the form of blackened basal hollows found throughout the southern range of the coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens [D. Don] Endl.) forest.  A deeper look reveals cambial scars dating back centuries, telling a story of low- to moderate-intensity fires that burned periodically across California’s Central Coast bioregion.  While attempts have been made to reconstruct the fire history of this forest type, estimates of the fire-return interval vary widely, and the relationship of the fire-return interval to varying cultural influences is not fully understood.

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Recovery of Tall Open Eucalypt Forest in South-Western Australia following Complete Crown Scorch

Authors: Lachlan McCaw and Ted Middleton
Pages: 95-107
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103095

We investigated the response of overstorey and mid-storey trees in tall open forest of Eucalyptus diversicolor F. Muell., Eucalyptus jacksonii Maiden, and Corymbia calophylla (Lindl.) K.D. Hill & L.A.S. Johnson over an eight-year period following complete crown scorch by high intensity fire in March 2001.  More than 90 % of E. diversicolor and E. jacksonii and 85 % of C. calophylla remained alive four years after fire, having replaced their crowns by re-sprouting from epicormic buds on the stems and larger branches.

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A Case Study Comparison of LANDFIRE Fuel Loading and Emissions Generation on a Mixed Conifer Forest in Northern Idaho, USA

Authors: Josh Hyde, Eva K. Strand, Andrew T. Hudak, and Dale Hamilton
Pages: 108-127
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103108

The use of fire as a land management tool is well recognized for its ecological benefits in many natural systems.  To continue to use fire while complying with air quality regulations, land managers are often tasked with modeling emissions from fire during the planning process.  To populate such models, the Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools (LANDFIRE) program has developed raster layers representing vegetation and fuels throughout the United States; however, there are limited studies available comparing LANDFIRE spatially distributed fuel loading data with measured fuel loading data.

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Review Article

Faunal Responses to Fire in Chaparral and Sage Scrub in California, USA

Authors: Elizabeth F. van Mantgem, Jon E. Keeley, and Marti Witter
Pages: 128-148
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103128

Impact of fire on California shrublands has been well studied but nearly all of this work has focused on plant communities.  Impact on and recovery of the chaparral fauna has received only scattered attention; this paper synthesizes what is known in this regard for the diversity of animal taxa associated with California shrublands and outlines the primary differences between plant and animal responses to fire.  We evaluated the primary faunal modes of resisting fire effects in three categories: 1) endogenous survival in a diapause or diapause-like stage, 2) sheltering in place within unburned refugia, or 3) fleeing and recolonizing.

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Book Review

Current International Perspectives on Wildland Fires, Mankind and the Environment

Author: Ernesto Alvarado
Pages: 149-152
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1103149

Wildfires are a global issue.  This year’s fire season in North America and Asia emphasizes the need for fire sciences that can be applied by the international fire community.  Fire science is being developed mainly in a few countries.  It is heartening to see that Leblon and Alexander have embarked on the quest to disseminate some of that knowledge through their book, Current International Perspectives on Wildland Fires, Mankind and the Environment.  The title of this work is ambitious and creates high expectations.  Does the book live up to them?

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