Table of Contents

Fire Ecology
Volume 10, Issue 2 - 2014
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1002

About the Cover

Classic Article

Barriers to Understanding the Influence of Use of Fire by Aborigines on Vegetation, with an Introduction by M. Kat Anderson

Author: Omer C. Stewart
Pages: 1-9
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1002001

In March 1963, anthropologist Omer Stewart delivered a paper at the second annual Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference in Tallahassee, Florida, about the ecological significance of the use of fire by aboriginal peoples around the world. This paper, published later that year in a conference proceedings, is being reprinted here because, 50 years hence, it has become clear that it represents a turning point in our understanding of intentional burning by indigenous people and its effects on vegetation.

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Research Articles

Modeling Wildfire Spread in Mountain Pine Beetle-Affected Forest Stands, British Columbia, Canada

Authors: Daniel D.B. Perrakis, Rick A. Lanoville, Stephen W. Taylor, and Dana Hicks
Pages: 10-35
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1002010

The mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins; MPB) has killed lodgepole pines (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud.) across 20 million hectares of central British Columbia, Canada, since the late 1990s, challenging land managers as well as fire management personnel. Although recent studies have used models to simulate how MPB might affect fire spread, very little fire behaviour has been documented in MPB-affected stands.

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Characteristics of Burns Conducted under Modified Prescriptions to Mitigate Limited Fuels in a Semi-Arid Grassland

Authors: David J. Augustine, Justin D. Derner, and David P. Smith
Pages: 36-47
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1002036

In semi-arid grasslands of the North American Great Plains, fire has traditionally been viewed as having few management applications, and quantitative measurements of fire behavior in the low fuel loads characteristic of this region are lacking. More recently, land managers have recognized potential applications of prescribed fire to control undesirable plant species and to manage habitat for wildlife in this region. Working in the shortgrass steppe of northeastern Colorado over a 7-year period, we quantified peak temperatures, heating duration, and heat dosage produced near ground level during prescribed burns conducted under a wide range of fuel loads and weather conditions.

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Changes in Severity Distribution after Subsequent Fires on the North Rim of Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, USA

Authors: Valentijn Hoff, Casey C. Teske, James P. Riddering, LLoyd P. Queen, Eric G. Gdula, and Windy A. Bunn
Pages: 48-63
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1002048

Understanding the distribution of fire severity patches across a landscape is of critical importance to managers and researchers. Of particular interest are those areas that burn multiple times. Understanding the complexity of these “multiple entry, mixed severity” patches is an important component of managing the landscape. We investigated the role that initial fire severity might play on subsequent fire severity (for a given re-burned area) to assess whether high severity patch distribution was impacted by initial burn conditions.

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Modeling Climate-Fire Connections within the Great Basin and 
Upper Colorado River Basin, Western United States

Authors: James D. Arnold, Simon C. Brewer, and Philip E. Dennison
Pages: 64-75
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1002064

The specific temporal patterns of antecedent conditions associated with fire occurrence in the Great Basin and Upper Colorado River Basin are poorly understood. Using 25 years of combined fire and climate data, we identified unique antecedent patterns of climate conditions prior to fires in the Great Basin and Upper Colorado River Basin. Five distinct antecedent patterns of climate related to fire were found within the region; with these antecedent patterns we were able to construct models of fire danger.

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A Comparison of Rangeland Monitoring Techniques for Modeling Herbaceous Fuels and Forage in Central Arizona, USA

Authors: Edward C. Rhodes, Doug R. Tolleson, Jay P. Angerer, John A. Kava, Judith Dyess, and Tessa Nicolet
Pages: 76-91
DOI: 10.410.4996/fireecology.1002076

While fire and rangeland managers frequently have different land management roles and objectives, their data needs with regards to herbaceous biomass (fuel loads and forage) often overlap, and can be served with a single sampling protocol for both rangeland and fuels management. In this study, we examined how two herbaceous sampling methods compare in measuring species richness, ground cover, and standing herbaceous biomass for range and forestry management using the Phytomass Growth Simulator (Phygrow).

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Forum: Issues, Management, Policy, and Opinions

Student Wildland Fire Groups: Common Challenges and Shared Solutions

Authors: Daniel S. Godwin and Jena Ferrarese
Pages: 92-97
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1002092

Student fire groups, collegiate-level groups explicitly organized around topics related to wildland fire, are widespread across the country. Student fire groups are at times participants in wildland fire-oriented experiential education but are often limited by access to training, legal hurdles, and equipment costs. We assess these barriers and suggest practical ways to overcome them.

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