Table of Contents

Fire Ecology
Volume 2, Issue 1 - 2006
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201

About the Cover

Forum: Issues, Management, Policy, and Opinions

The Element That Isnít

Author: Stephen J. Pyne
Pages: 1-6
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201001

How should we think about fire? An answer is not obvious. It is testimony to the immense significance of fire that humanity has for so long chosen not only to anthropomorphize it but to grant it a substantive identity it does not deserve. Early philosophers considered it a god, or at least theophany, the manifestation of a god-like presence and power.

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Research Articles

A Wildfire Hazard Assessment and Map for La Plata County, Colorado, USA

Authors: William H. Romme, Peter J. Barry, David D. Hanna, M. Lisa Floyd, and Scott White
Pages: 7-30
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201007

In response to the needs of local fire managers, we developed a map of wildfire hazard for La Plata County in southwestern Colorado, USA. Our measure of fire hazard had two components: (i) the probability, should fire occur under dry weather conditions, that fire behavior will be extreme, and (ii) the human values that may be lost or damaged if extreme fire behavior occurs. Using a classification approach in a GIS environment, we developed quantitative indices of potential heat release, flame length, and rate of spread for each vegetation type in the County.

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Modeling spatial patterns of fuels and fire behavior in a longleaf pine forest in the southeastern USA

Authors: Diane K. Kennard and Kenneth W. Outcalt
Pages: 31-52
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201031

Characterizing spatial patterns of fire behavior is an important and rarely considered means of understanding patterns of vegetation recovery following a fire event. Using geostatistics, we characterized spatial patterns of pre-burn fuel loads, fire temperature and duration during prescribed burns, and post-burn fuel loads in four longleaf pine stands in the southeastern USA.

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Long-Term Surface Fuel Accumulation in Burned and Unburned Mixed-Conifer Forests of the Central and Southern Sierra Nevada, CA USA

Authors: MaryBeth Keifer, Jan W. van Wagtendonk, and Monica Buhler
Pages: 53-72
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201053

After nearly a century of fire exclusion in many central and southern Sierra Nevada mixedconifer forests, dead and down surface fuels have reached high levels without the recurring fires that consume the accumulated organic matter. The effects of prescribed fires used to reduce fuel loads and restore fire have been monitored in Yosemite, Sequoia, and Kings Canyon National Parks for over 30 years. Ten years following prescribed fire treatments in Sequoia and Kings Canyon, mean total fuel loads accumulated to 84 percent of pre-fire levels in ponderosa pine forests, 83 percent in white fir-mixed conifer, and 66 percent in giant sequoia-mixed conifer forests.

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Geographic Analysis of Natural Fire Rotation in the California Redwood Forest During the Suppression Era

Authors: Christopher B. Oneal, John D. Stuart, Steven J. Steinberg, and Lawrence Fox III
Pages: 73-99
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201073

A geographic information system (GIS) was used to analyze the effects of six physical variables (redwood sub-region, slope, aspect, elevation, distance from the coast, and moisture regime) on the natural fire rotation (NFR) of redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forests between 1950 and 2003. NFR is defined as the years necessary for fires to burn over an area equal to that of the study area.

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Effects of Fine Fuel Moisture and Loading on Small Scale Fire Behavior in Mixed-Oak Forests of Southern Ohio

Authors: John B. Graham and Brian C. McCarthy
Pages: 100-114
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201100

Multiple factors interact to influence fire behavior. While the interactions of fuel moisture and fuel loading in western coniferous communities are well understood, few studies have examined fire behavior in eastern deciduous forests. In order to accurately predict fire behavior in mixed oak forests, studies need to examine fire behavior in eastern deciduous forests. We conducted a fine-scale manipulative experiment to determine the specific effects that fine fuel moisture andload have on fire behavior in Ohio mixed-oak forests.

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Fire History and Climate Influences from Forests in the Northern Sierra Nevada, USA

Authors: Tadashi J. Moody, JoAnn Fites-Kaufman, and Scott L. Stephens
Pages: 115-127
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0201115

Fire chronologies were developed for four regions representing two general forest types in the Plumas National Forest, Northern Sierra Nevada, California. Chronologies were developed using dendrochronological techniques largely from remnant woody materials, since past logging has left few live trees with long fire scar records. Over the period from 1454 to 2001, 113 fire years were identified in the four regions.

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