Kirsten Stephan

Contact Info

Department of Forest Resources
University of Idaho
P.O. Box 441133
Moscow , ID 65101, United States

Publications in Fire Ecology

First-Order Fire Effects on Herbs and Shrubs: Present Knowledge and Process Modeling Needs
Pages: 95-114
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0601095

Herbaceous plants and shrubs have received little attention in terms of fire effects modeling despite their critical role in ecosystem integrity and resilience after wildfires and prescribed burns. In this paper, we summarize current knowledge of direct effects of fire on herb and shrub (including cacti) vegetative tissues and seed banks, propose key components for process-based modeling, and outline research needs. Most herbs and shrubs are likely to be killed or top-killed even in low intensity surface fires. Therefore, modeling efforts should focus on mortality of protected above and below ground meristematic tissue and seeds as well as the effects on seed germination.  [Read More]

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