Table of Contents

 
Fire Ecology
Volume 12, Issue 3 - 2016
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203

About the Cover

Recognition


Farewell and Thanks to Jim Agee, Editor of Fire Ecology

Author: AFE Board of Directors
Page: 1
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203001

This issue marks the end of Jim Agee’s service as the Managing Editor of Fire Ecology. Jim served as the Managing Editor for the last five years, and the Association for Fire Ecology is indebted to his service and dedication to the journal.

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Research Articles


Evaluating Prescribed Fire Effectiveness Using Permanent Monitoring Plot Data: A Case Study

Authors: Kristen M. Waring, Katie J. Hansen, and William T. Flatley
Pages: 2-25
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203002

Since Euro-American settlement, ponderosa pine forests throughout the western United States have shifted from high fire frequency and open canopy savanna forests to infrequent fire and dense, closed canopy forests. Managers at Zion National Park, USA, reintroduced fire to counteract these changes and decrease the potential for high-severity fires. We analyzed existing permanent monitoring plot data collected between 1995 and 2010 to assess achievement of management objectives related to prescribed fire in ponderosa pine forests.

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Fire Resilience of Aquatic Crustacean Resting Stages in Playa Wetlands, Oklahoma, USA

Authors: Eric G. Bright, Mohsain Gill, Ashtyn Barrientes, and Elizabeth A. Bergey
Pages: 26-39
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203026

Prescribed burns and wildfires maintain prairie vegetation by limiting tree growth and promoting prairie grasses and forb production. Previous studies have shown that fire causes mixed effects on the prairie fauna, promoting some organisms while negatively affecting other organisms. Playa wetlands are interspersed within some semi-arid prairie landscapes, and are thereby subject to fire.

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Variation in Grassland Fuel Curing in South Africa

Authors: Devan Allen McGranahan, Rerani Ramaano, Michelle J. Tedder, and Kevin P. Kirkman
Pages: 40-52
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203040

Fire is critical to the maintenance of ecological function in many ecosystems worldwide, especially mesic sub-Saharan rangelands. But most rangeland fire research occurs in a wildfire context, is focused on fire effects, or simply assumes that grass-dominated fuelbeds are homogeneous. In this study, we sampled fuel moisture from several species in two grassland locations in South Africa to determine (1) if grassland fuels cure differently among species or across locations, (2) whether differences in curing meaningfully affect fire behaviour, and (3) if fuel moisture is associated with soil moisture.

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Post-Fire Recovery of Eucalypt-Dominated Vegetation Communities in the Sydney Basin, Australia

Authors: Jessica T. Heath, Chris J. Chafer, Thomas F.A. Bishop, and Floris F. Van Ogtrop
Pages: 53-79
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203053

Monitoring landscape-scale vegetation responses of resprouter species to wildfire is helpful in explaining post-wildfire recovery. Several previous Australian studies have investigated the temporal recovery of eucalypt obligate-seeder communities (which have a significantly delayed revegetation response), but little research has been conducted for resprouter communities. In this study, we found that eucalypt dominated resprouter communities in Sydney’s drinking water supply catchments (SDWC) have a rapid post-wildfire response and recovery rate.

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Short-Term Impacts of Fire-Mediated Habitat Alterations on an Isolated Bighorn Sheep Population

Authors: Justin G. Clapp and Jeffrey L. Beck
Pages: 80-98
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203080

Habitat alterations may improve and expand wildlife habitats, and bolster waning wildlife populations. We used global positioning system (GPS) locations to monitor 38 bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis Shaw) that were translocated to the Seminoe Mountains, Wyoming, USA, in 2009 and 2010, and 24 bighorns captured in 2011 to investigate short-term impacts of prescribed fires and wildfires that covered ~24 % of the study area in 2011 and 2012. We quantified home range distributional changes, resource selection, and survival of bighorn sheep from 2009 to 2013.

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Relating Fire-Caused Change in Forest Structure to Remotely Sensed Estimates of Fire Severity

Authors: Jamie M. Lydersen, Brandon M. Collins, Jay D. Miller, Danny L. Fry, and Scott L. Stephens
Pages: 99-116
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203099

Fire severity maps are an important tool for understanding fire effects on a landscape. The relative differenced normalized burn ratio (RdNBR) is a commonly used severity index in California forests, and is typically divided into four categories: unchanged, low, moderate, and high. RdNBR is often calculated twice—from images collected the year of the fire (initial assessment) and during the summer of the year after the fire (extended assessment).

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Did the 2002 Hayman Fire, Colorado, USA, Burn with Uncharacteristic Severity?

Authors: Paula J. Fornwalt, Laurie S. Huckaby, Steven K. Alton, Merrill R. Kaufmann, Peter M. Brown, and Antony S. Cheng
Pages: 117-132
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203117

There is considerable interest in evaluating whether recent wildfires in dry conifer forests of western North America are burning with uncharacteristic severity—that is, with a severity outside the historical range of variability. In 2002, the Hayman Fire burned an unlogged 3400 ha dry conifer forest landscape in the Colorado Front Range, USA, that had been the subject of previous fire history and forest age structure research.

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Book Review


The Chinchaga Firestorm: When the Moon and Sun Turned Blue, by Cordy Tymstra

Author: James K. Agee
Pages: 133-134
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1203133

The Chinchaga Firestorm is the story of an incredible firestorm in western Canada during summer and early fall of 1950. The two million hectare complex of over 100 wildfires is the largest ever recorded in Canada, but because it was not within the boundaries of the fire suppression zone for the province of Alberta, it was not even recorded in the official fire report for that year! It was a complex of unrecorded “ghost fires” that were initially ignored in Alberta by all but local people, yet the firestorm became famous for the smoke plume that traveled around the world. Tymstra weaves stories of the fire, the local people who experienced it, and the worldwide effects of the smoke plume, explaining the book subtitle, “When the Moon and Sun Turned Blue.”

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