Table of Contents

 
Fire Ecology
Volume 10, Issue 3 - 2014
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003

About the Cover

Classic Article


The Ecological Role of Fire in Natural Conifer Forests of Western and Northern North AmericaIntroduction, with an Introduction by Martin E. Alexander

Authors: Herbert E. Wright, Jr and Miron L. Heinselman
Pages: 1-13
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003001

Forest fires have been the bane of forest managers, resource analysts, and the public ever since the timberlands of the Great Lakes area and the western mountains were opened for exploitation or designated for preservation. The psychological stage was set during the early years of commercial timber cutting, when escaped slash fires burned several towns to the ground, killed thousands of people, and destroyed the young regeneration and remnants of uncut forest on literally millions of acres. Whether the forest was to be cut for timber or set aside for preservation as a natural feature, it was assumed that fires were destructive and should be prevented at all costs.

View full abstract | View entire article (PDF)

Research Articles


Quaking Aspen Regeneration following Prescribed Fire in 
Lassen Volcanic National Park, California, USA

Authors: Ellis Q. Margolis and Calvin A. Farris
Pages: 14-26
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003014

Prescribed fire is commonly used for restoration, but the effects of reintroducing fire following a century of fire exclusion are unknown in many ecosystems. We assessed the effects of three prescribed fires, native ungulate browsing, and conifer competition on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) regeneration in four small groves (0.5 ha to 3.0 ha) in Lassen Volcanic National Park, California, USA, over an 11 yr period. The effects of fire on aspen regeneration density and height were variable within and among sites.

View full abstract | View entire article (PDF)

Vegetation Recovery and Fuel Reduction after Seasonal Burning of Western Juniper

Authors: Jonathan D. Bates, Rory O'Connor, and Kirk W. Davies
Pages: 27-48
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003027

The decrease in fire activity has been recognized as a main cause of expansion of North American woodlands. Piñon-juniper habitat in the western United States has expanded in area nearly 10-fold since the late 1800s. Woodland control measures using chainsaws, heavy equipment, and prescribed fire are used to restore sagebrush steppe plant communities. We compared vegetation recovery following cutting and prescribed fire on three sites in late Phase 2 (mid succession) and Phase 3 (late succession) western juniper (Juniperus occidentalis Hook.) woodlands in southeast Oregon.

View full abstract | View entire article (PDF)

Vegetation Response after Post-Fire Mulching and Native Grass Seeding

Authors: Penelope Morgan, Marshell Moy, Christine A. Droske, Leigh B. Lentile, Sarah A. Lewis, Peter R. Robichaud, and Andrew T. Hudak
Pages: 49-62
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003049

Post-fire mulch and seeding treatments, often applied on steep, severely burned slopes immediately after large wildfires, are meant to reduce the potential of erosion and establishment of invasive plants, especially non-native plants, that could threaten values at risk. However, the effects of these treatments on native vegetation response post fire are little studied, especially beyond one to two years. We compared species richness, diversity, and percent canopy cover of understory plants one, two, three, four, and six years after immediate post-fire application of wood strand mulch, agricultural wheat straw mulch, hydromulch + seed with locally adapted native grasses, seed only with locally adapted native grasses with no mulch, and untreated (no mulch or grass seeding) after the 2005 School Fire in Washington, USA.

View full abstract | View entire article (PDF)

Minimal Persistence of Native Bunchgrasses Seven Years after Seeding following Mastication and Prescribed Fire in Southwestern Oregon, USA

Authors: Laura M. Busby and Darlene Southworth
Pages: 63-71
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003063

Seeding of native grasses is widely used to restore plant communities and prevent establishment of introduced species following wildfire and prescribed burns. However, there is a lack of long-term data to evaluate the success of native grass seeding. Here, in the interior valley shrublands of southwestern Oregon, we resurveyed plots that had been masticated and burned, and then seeded with bunchgrasses seven years previously. The prescribed fires had resulted in bare ground that increased opportunities for bunchgrass germination as well as for invasion by introduced plants.

View full abstract | View entire article (PDF)

Historical Pyrogeography of Texas, USA

Authors: Michael C. Stambaugh, Jeffrey C. Sparks, and E.R. Abadir
Pages: 72-89
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003072

Synthesis of multiple sources of fire history information increases the power and reliability of fire regime characterization. Fire regime characterization is critical for assessing fire risk, identifying climate change impacts, understanding ecosystem processes, and developing policies and objectives for fire management. For these reasons, we conducted a literature review and spatial analysis of historical fire intervals in Texas, USA, a state with diverse fire environments and significant fire-related challenges.

View full abstract | View entire article (PDF)

Forum: Issues, Management, Policy, and Opinions


Making a World of Difference in Fire and Climate Change

Author: Mary R. Huffman
Pages: 90-101
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.1003090

Together with other stressors, interactions between fire and climate change are expressing their potential to drive ecosystem shifts and losses in biodiversity. Closely linked to human well-being in most regions of the globe, fires and their consequences should no longer be regarded as repeated surprise events. Instead, we should regard fires as common and enduring components of most terrestrial systems, including their social context.

View full abstract | View entire article (PDF)