Table of Contents

 
Fire Ecology
Volume 8, Issue 2 - 2012
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802

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Classic Article


Fire: Its Influence on Biotic Communities and Physical Factors in South and East Africa, with an introduction by Brian W. van Wilgen

Author: John F.V. Phillips
Pages: 1-16
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802001

John Frederick Vicars Phillips (1899-1987) was a pioneer ecologist in Africa, and the first to conduct a serious scientific examination of the phenomenon of fire on the continent. Born in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, he obtained a bursary to study at Edinburgh University, where he was awarded a degree in forestry and botany. On his return to South Africa, he initiated innovative research into the ecology of indigenous forests, and his outstanding work on forest succession in the Knysna region of the Western Cape, South Africa, led to the award of a Doctor of Science degree from Edinburgh University in 1927.

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Research Articles


Post-Fire Effects in Wetland Environments: Landscape Assessment of Plant Coverage and Soil Recovery in the Parana River Delta Marshes, Argentina

Authors: Mercedes Salvia, Dario Ceballos, Francisco Grings, Haydee Karszenbaum, and Patricia Kandus
Pages: 17-37
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802017

During 2008, under a region-wide drought, there were a large number of simultaneous fires in the Paraná River Delta region: the most affected vegetation was in marshes dominated by Schoenoplectus californicus (C.A.Mey.) Soják or Cyperus giganteus Vahl. The objective of this paper was to study fire severity in terms of fire effect on vegetation cover and soil properties, and the recovery of those properties after one growing season, using optical remote sensing techniques and fieldwork data.

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Spatial Variation in Postfire Cheatgrass: Dinosaur National Monument, USA

Authors: Kirk R. Sherrill and William H. Romme
Pages: 38-56
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802038

A major environmental problem in semi-arid landscapes of western North America is the invasion of native vegetation by cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.), an annual Eurasian grass that covers >40 million ha of range and woodland in the western US. Cheatgrass can be especially problematic after fire—either prescribed fire or wildfire. Although cheatgrass is known to generally thrive in regions of moderate temperatures, dry summers, and reliable winter precipitation, the spatial patterns of postfire cheatgrass invasion are not well characterized at finer spatial scales (e.g., within most individual landscapes).

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Characteristics of Information Available on Fire and Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States

Authors: Corey L. Gucker, Kris Zouhar, Jane Kapler Smith, and Katharine R. Stone
Pages: 57-81
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802057

Wildland managers need detailed information about the responses of invasive species to fire and the conditions that increase site invasibility in order to effectively manage fire without introducing or increasing populations of invasive plants. Literature reviews and syntheses of original research are important sources of this information, but the usefulness of a review is limited by the quantity, quality, and geographic coverage of information available when it is written.

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Characterizing Fire-on-Fire Interactions in Three Large Wilderness Areas

Authors: Casey C. Teske, Carl A. Seielstad, and LLoyd P. Queen
Pages: 82-106
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802082

The interaction of fires, where one fire burns into another recently burned area, is receiving increased attention from scientists and land managers wishing to describe the role of fire scars in affecting landscape pattern and future fire spread. Here, we quantify fire-on-fire interactions in terms of frequency, size, and time-since-previous fire (TSPF) in three large wilderness areas in Montana and Idaho, USA, from 1984 to present, using spatially consistent large fire perimeter data from the Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) dataset.

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Seed Viability and Fire-Related Temperature Treatments in Serotinous California Native Hesperocyparis Species

Authors: Kate L. Milich, John D. Stuart, J. Morgan Varner, and Kyle E. Merriam
Pages: 107-124
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802107

Fire-prone serotinous California Hesperocyparis L. (cypress) have been experiencing low seedling recruitment, underscoring our need to better understand these species’ responses to fire. We investigated the specific heating conditions required to break cone serotiny and to promote seed dispersal by focusing on five Hesperocyparis species of interior California: Hesperocyparis nevadensis (Abrams) Bartel, Paiute cypress; H. bakeri (Jeps.) Bartel, Baker cypress (also known as Modoc cypress); H. forbesii Jeps. Bartel, tecate cypress; H. macnabiana (A. Murray bis) Bartel, McNab’s cypress; and H. sargentii (Jeps.) Bartel (Sargent’s cypress).

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Quantifying the Threat of Unsuppressed Wildfires Reaching the Adjacent Wildland-Urban Interface on the Bridger-Teton National Forest, Wyoming, USA

Authors: Joe H. Scott, Donald J. Helmbrecht, Sean A. Parks, and Carol Miller
Pages: 125-142
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802125

An important objective for many federal land management agencies is to restore fire to ecosystems that have experienced fire suppression or exclusion over the last century. Managing wildfires for resource objectives (i.e., allowing wildfires to burn in the absence of suppression) is an important tool for restoring such fire-adapted ecosystems. To support management decisions that allow wildfires to burn unsuppressed, land managers need a quantitative assessment of the potential for such wildfires to reach nearby fire-susceptible resources and assets.

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Post-Fire Soil Water Repellency, Hydrologic Response, and Sediment Yield Compared Between Grass-Converted and Chaparral Watersheds

Authors: Ken R. Hubbert, Pete M. Wohlgemuth, Jan L. Beyers, Marcia G. Narog, and Ross Gerrard
Pages: 143-162
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802143

In 2002, the Williams Fire burned >90 % of the San Dimas Experimental Forest, providing an opportunity to investigate differences in soil water repellency, peak discharge, and sediment yield between grass-converted and chaparral watersheds. Post-fire water repellency and moisture content were measured in the winter and summer for four years. Peak discharge was determined using trapezoidal flumes with automated stage-height recorders.

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Short Communication


Fire History in California's Southern Sierra Nevada Blue Oak Woodlands

Authors: Richard B. Standiford, Ralph L. Phillips, and Neil K. McDougald
Pages: 163-167
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0802163

Fire history for blue oak (Quercus douglasii Hook. & Arn.) woodlands in California’s southern Sierra Nevada range was characterized with samples of 49 trees. Mean fire interval was 12.8 years from 1850 to 1965, with apparent fire exclusion since that time. Changes in fire frequency could affect oak woodland ecosystem processes such as recruitment, tree growth and mortality, and vegetation composition

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