Table of Contents

 
Fire Ecology
Volume 1, Issue 1 - 2005
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101

About the Cover

Introduction


Welcome by the President of the Association for Fire Ecology

Author: Jan W. van Wagtendonk
Page: 1
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101001

Welcome to the first issue of Fire Ecology, the Journal of the Association for Fire Ecology. Why another new journal? That is the same question we were asked when we founded the Association over four years ago, and the answer is the same. Other societies and their journals usually cover a broad spectrum of interests and topics focused in a general area such as ecology or forestry. While other journals might address fire science, its physical basis, and means to suppress it, no journal specifically deals with the ecology of fire. We feel that the science of fire ecology fills an empty niche.

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Research Articles


Fire History in Coast Redwood Stands in the Northeastern Santa Cruz Mountains, California

Authors: Scott L. Stephens and Danny L. Fry
Pages: 2-19
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101002

Fire regimes in coast redwood forests in the northeastern Santa Cruz Mountains were determined by ring counts from 48 coast redwood stumps, downed logs, and live trees. Degradation of remnant materials from post-harvest fires severely limited available fire scars in this region. The earliest recorded fire was recorded in approximately 1615 and the last fire recorded was in 1884.

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Estimating Biomass in Coastal Baccharis pilularis Dominated Plant Communities

Authors: Will Russell and Ryan Tompkins
Pages: 20-27
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101020

Communities dominated by Baccharis pilularis (coyote brush) are expanding in coastal California, altering fuel load on a landscape scale, yet there is no standard method for estimating biomass in this vegetation type. In an attempt to develop a non-destructive field method for estimating biomass in Baccharisdominated communities, we compared three indirect measures including crown canopy height, basal stem diameter, and leaf area index (LAI); estimated using hemispherical photography.

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Effects of Prescribed Fire at Two Frequencies on N Mineralization and Nitrification at Two Spatial Scales in Mixed-Oak Forests

Authors: R.E.J. Boerner and J.A. Brinkman
Pages: 28-49
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101028

This study examined how fire frequency influences soil C and N dynamics in relation to spatial scale in two mixed-oak forest complexes in southern Ohio, U.S.A. We measured net N mineralization, net nitrification, total inorganic N(TIN) in the soil solution, and soil organic C in plots of two sizes (50 m2macroplots and 1 m2 microplot nested within the macroplots) in sites burned once(periodic fire treatment), in sites burned three times (annual fire treatment) and inunburned control sites.

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Historical Fires in Douglas-fir Dominated Riparian Forests of the Southern Cascades, Oregon

Authors: Diana L. Olson and James K. Agee
Pages: 50-74
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101050

Despite the ecological importance of fire in Pacific Northwest forests, its role inriparian forests is just beginning to be documented. This study reconstructed thehistorical occurrence of fire within riparian forests along different stream sizes incoast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii [Mirbel] Franco) dominated forests within the drier western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla [Raf.]Sarg.) forest series of the Upper Steamboat Creek watershed of the Umpqua National Forest, Oregon.

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Comparing Techniques for Estimating Flame Temperature of Prescribed Fires

Authors: Diane K. Kennard, Kenneth W. Outcalt, David Jones, and Joseph J. OBrien
Pages: 75-84
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101075

A variety of techniques that estimate temperature and/or heat output during fires are available. We assessed the predictive ability of metal and tile pyrometers, calorimeters of different sizes, and fuel consumption to time-temperature metrics derived from thick and thin thermocouples at 140 points distributed over 9 management-scale burns in a longleaf pine forest in the southeastern US.

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Forum: Issues, Management, Policy, and Opinions


Fuelbreaks for Wildland Fire Management: A Moat or a Drawbridge for Ecosystem Fire Restoration?

Author: Timothy Ingalsbee
Pages: 85-99
DOI: 10.4996/fireecology.0101085

Construction of fuelbreaks as a presuppression fuels treatment strategy in national forests has always been controversial (Omi 1996). Criticisms have been raised over the objectives, prescriptions, locations, methods, costs, impacts, and effectiveness of fuelbreak construction and maintenance (Agee et al 2000). Citizens have actively opposed fuelbreak projects out of fears that the breaks will fragment forests and degrade wildlife habitat, destroy scenic resources and look like industrial logging sites, or open up areas to unauthorized off-road vehicle use (Arno and Allison-Bunnel 2002).

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